Michigan Eviction Process & Laws | Free MI Eviction Notices

The Michigan eviction process starts with the notice to quit to inform a tenant that they are behind on their rental payment, noncompliant with their lease, or the landlord wishes to cancel their month to month lease. If the tenant fails to fix any of these issues or move out on the specified date the landlord may follow the Eviction Timeline and begin filing an action using the Complaint, attaching the notice (with proof of service), and the filing fee at a Court Location in your area.

NonPayment Laws - 7 days § 554.134(2)

NonCompliance Laws - 7 days § 600.5714

Month to Month Laws - 30 days § 554.134

Eviction Laws - Practical Guide for Landlords and Tenants

Types of Notice

Michigan 30 Day Lease Termination Letter | Notice to Vacate

The Michigan thirty (30) day lease termination, in accordance with Section 554.134, can be used by the landlord or tenant to inform one another of their intention to terminate the monthly rental/lease agreement.  Although no specific reason is needed by the landlord to terminate the agreement, they cannot terminate it in…

Michigan 7 Day Notice to Quit | NonCompliance or Illegal Activity

The Michigan seven (7) day notice to quit may be used as a non-compliance warning offering the tenant the time period to comply or vacate the premises (according to § 600.5714). The form may also be used if illegal activity has been recognized on the property (in accordance with § 554.134(4)) and…

Michigan 7 Day Notice to Quit or Pay | Form DC 100a

The Michigan seven (7) day notice to quit or pay, reference § 554.134(2), must be served to a tenant that has failed to pay rent. The notice informs the tenant that they have seven (7) days to either pay rent or move out of the rental property. If they do not…

Process How to Evict a Tenant

The Michigan eviction process starts with the landlord serving the tenant with a “notice to quit.” There are three different types of notices that can be served, each being reserved for a certain type of lease violation or tenancy. Tenants that have not paid rent must be served with a seven (7) day notice to quit or pay. Month-to-month tenants are required to be served with a thirty (30) day lease termination notice. Tenants who have committed lease violations must be given a seven day notice to “cure” or quit. The tenant must be given the full notice period before the landlord can terminate the lease/rental agreement and file an eviction action in court. The notice is required to be written (it cannot be a verbal notice), and it must be served personally, or sent via first class mail to the tenant.

Step 1 – The first step of the Michigan eviction process is to serve the tenant with the proper notice. Deliver it personally (either giving it to a person “of reasonable age” at the property, or the actual tenant), or send it through first class mail.

Step 2 – Wait for the tenant to either pay rent or correct their violation(s). If the tenant fails to pay/vacate/cure, an eviction action can be filed in court – starting with a summons/complaint. The summons provides the tenant with a date/time to show up in court. The complaint details the specific reasons behind the eviction suit. The summons/complaint need to be served by first class mail and by delivering it personally. If possible, the service should be done in the presence of a witness, however at the very minimum the time/date/method of service must be noted. Proper service of the summons/complaint is essential to the eviction case.

Step 3 – The trial date is typically ten (10) days from date when the complaint was filed. Both parties are required to attend the trial. Failure of the tenant to show up to the trial will most likely result in a judgement being ruled in favor of the landlord, and vice versa. It’s important to bring evidence, witnesses, and relevant documentation (such as the lease agreement, payment history, etc.) to the trial.

Step 4 – If the ruling is in favor of the landlord, the tenant will have no more than ten (10) days to vacate the rental property. If they do not move out by the end of the tenth day, the landlord can request a “Writ of Eviction.” The writ will be issued by the court, and the Sheriff will execute it.

Note: If the eviction is due to non-payment of rent, the tenant can technically stop the writ from being executed if they pay all back rent and an other required fees.